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Nutrition and Immune Function

      Illness is commonly associated with anorexia and altered nutrient requirements as a consequence of biochemical, metabolic, and pathologic abnormalities that influence nutrient use. This complicated cascade of events directly and indirectly involves immunocompetence. Several questions of importance to patient management should be considered. First, should the immune system be enhanced during disease and/or illness? If yes, how can nutrients enhance immunocompetence during disease and/or illness and which nutrients are efficacious immunomodulators? The complex workings of the immune system can be simplified to the fact that disease initiation and progression are correlated with a break in immunocompetence. Something in the system went awry, and the assumption is that nutritional intervention can potentially get the system back on track to help manage, resolve, and, in the future, prevent the disease process.
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