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Gingivostomatitis

      Gingivostomatitis (GS) or recurrent oral ulceration (ROU) is found in veterinary patients with increasing frequency. Severe inflammation of the oral cavity is often seen in feline patients. GS is also seen with increasing incidence in canine patients. Histopathologic examination has been used to make a diagnosis by characterizing the reactive cells in the oral mucosa. This has led to chronic unrelenting oral disease, which is called by various descriptive names, including lymphoplasmacytic stomatitis (LPS), lymphocytic plasmacytic gingivitis stomatitis (LPGS), plasmacytic stomatitis (PS), chronic ulcerative paradental stomatitis (CUPS), plasma cell gingivitis-stomatitis-pharyngitis, chronic ulcerative stomatitis, necrotizing stomatitis, feline chronic GS, and chronic gingivitis-stomatitis–faucitis. The use of the term gingivostomatitis is recommended when describing the general inflammation of the gingiva and oral cavity [
      • Diehl K.
      • Rosychuk R.A.
      Feline gingivitis-stomatitis-pharyngitis.
      ,
      • White S.D.
      • Rosychuk R.A.
      • Janik T.A.
      • et al.
      Plasma cell stomatitis-pharyngitis in cats: 40 cases (1973–1991).
      ,
      • Rubel G.H.
      • Hoffmann D.E.
      • Pedersen N.C.
      Acute and chronic faucitis of domestic cats.
      ,
      • Pedersen N.C.
      Inflammatory oral cavity diseases of the cat.
      ,
      • Williams C.A.
      • Aller M.S.
      Gingivitis/stomatitis in cats.
      ,
      • Lyon K.F.
      The differential diagnosis and treatment of gingivitis in the cat.
      ,
      • Harvey C.E.
      Oral inflammatory diseases in cats.
      ,
      • Johnessee J.S.
      • Hurvitz A.I.
      Feline plasma cell gingivitis-stomatitis.
      ,
      • Gaskell R.M.
      • Gruffyd-Jones T.J.
      Intractable feline stomatitis.
      ].
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