Current research in canine and feline pheromones

      Everyone who has observed dogs or cats, if only once, has been impressed by how important olfactory communication is in these species. Carnivora are known as the order that has developed the greatest variety of glands secreting chemical signals. Among all the molecules secreted by these glands, some seem to transmit highly specific information between animals of the same species—the pheromones. In 1959, Karlson, Luscher, and Butenand created this word by combining the Greek verbs pherein (to carry) and horman (to stimulate). Initially, this kind of chemical communication was supposed to exist only in invertebrates. At that time, more attention was paid to the pheromones of insects, and a few products to fight against some pests have been developed. Many ethologists thought that this really strict and biologic way to communicate should not be considered in mammals because of the complexity and plasticity of their social behaviors [
      • Bossert W.H.
      • Wilson E.O.
      The analysis of olfactory communication among animals.
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